The Ussuri taiga has one of the most complex structures and development histories among all of the Russian forests. Here Japanese yew and Amur corcktree grow side by side, and a variety of endemic plants, including the famous ginseng, the devil’s high, and the Manchurian Aralia thrive. Among the unique gifts of the Ussuri taiga are pine nuts, ferns, Actinidia or «wild kiwi», Amur grape, Chinese magnolia vine, Eleuterococus and many other plants.

Korean pine is the main tree of the Ussuri taiga. It grows up to 50 meters in height and lives up to 500 years. The virgin forest of the Bikin River Valley remains largely intact, and when it comes to the the variety of species of flora it’s unparalleled in the north of Asia. This is the last large untouched woodland of cedar-broadleaf forests in the world. Mixed ash-elm forests of the valley alternate with age-old pines, among which grow lindens and maples, Manchurian walnuts and Amur maackias, Ussuri pears and Siberian and Manchurian apple trees, Korean spruces, Manchurian firs, Dahurian rhododendrons, Amur lilacs, rowans, hazels, honeysuckles and bird cherries, wild roses, currants, raspberries, barberries and many other species of trees and shrubs. Among the unique species, Schlippenbach’s rhododendron, orchids (Calypso bulbosa, Cypripedium calceolus and the Large-flowered Cypripedium), and a relict Tertiary tree Kalopanax are worth the mention.


The fate of the rare and endemic animal species inhabiting the Ussuri taiga depends on the preservation of its flora.

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